During 2012 was completed a study commissioned by Ecoelastika to the Institute of Technology and Applications, to explore possible tire management technologies, and, in particular, recycling techniques and energy recovery. In the context of this investigation, an analysis of the available technologies was carried out, as well as a financial study on existing or emerging thermal management methods. These methods can be used for both product recovery and energy recovery form used tires.
According to the analysis performed, there is no technologically mature procedure capable of absorbing entirely the tires.
According to the analysis done there is no technologically mature method which can absorb the whole set of tires. Solutions, such as the use of tires in landfills, as additives and soil enhancers, in anti-corrosion works, as sound curtains, as thermal insulation materials, on artificial turfs and on the floor of sports venues and playgrounds, have a positive environmental performance, but cannot absorb all discarded tires. Also, the use of rubber granulate used to modify asphalt for road construction is another plausible solution which theoretically could absorb rather large quantities of tires, even though in Europe there are very few applications.
Pyrolysis, as a technology, could absorb very large quantities of tires and contribute to the problem of their management. Conventional pyrolysis, however, is not financially viable and despite all efforts, especially in the United States, it has not been established as a comprehensive technical-financial solution to the tire problem.